代写英国留学生作业：European piano music
Human society has experienced extremely long development and vicissitude, changing from primitive tribal society to today. While actively promoting social progress and civilization, human has also greatly improved the development and innovation of music art. Among them, European piano music also develops with the continuous progress and development of music art.
Throughout the western music, it has experienced the development process from ancient times to the middle ages for nearly a thousand years. In the European consciousness, art was to serve the church, while the orthodox music form was a chant that originated in the fourth and fifth centuries. The development of music was from the rise of monophonic music to the Renaissance; from the "Flemish school" to more than 100 years later, the baroque era, the Bach era, as well as the classical era of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven represented the new era.
European music works in the classical period are rich in philosophy and connotation, and all of them show the extremely rich development process and brilliant and brilliant achievements of European music. Many works in this period are immortal monuments in the development history of human music. They have been developed to the extreme in terms of music creation skills and music's ideological, artistic and expressive features, which is really the peak period in the development history of music in Europe.
The development of piano and piano music inevitably follows the development of European music, while the development of piano and piano music should be marked by the alternating changes from baroque period to classical period. At this time, the piano music experienced a transitional stage of style evolution, musical instrument improvement, music style evolution and innovation. It was not until the 1770s that the classical style was really established. This is an extremely important stage in the development of piano and piano music, playing a key role in the subsequent development of piano and piano music.
The evolution of the piano music style in the transitional period reflects the significant change of people's artistic taste and aesthetic orientation in that era. However, under the influence of the enlightenment spirit of the bourgeoisie at that time, people had a stronger desire to make artworks closer to life, more capable of expressing the emotions of the general public, and also required artworks to be more accessible in terms of expression techniques. Therefore, on the music style, people object to the overly serious and complex, huge and profound baroque polyphonic music, and instead pursue the more relaxed, cheerful and exquisite main tone music. The style of the piano, music, has changed. From the polyphonic counterpoint to the high-pitched melody with the low-pitched chord, the piano music changes to the expression of the left-handed broken chord created by Albert ti, which not only keeps the main melody clear and smooth, but also keeps the bass harmony rich and flowing. Albert ladder bass becomes a new piano vocabulary, and the development of the more classical piano music has laid a very good foundation. Piano music melody from vertical space is divided into horizontal lines, and enhance the melody of piano music, the music melody more smoothly and rich change, also greatly expanded the piano playing skills, rich piano music performance, to make piano art add more attractive glamour.#p#分页标题#e#
In the 1820s, after the piano replaced the clavichord, the performance and performance skills of the piano were greatly expanded. It was a milestone revolution in the development of piano art, and a new style of piano music was formed. In this period, the classical sonata form was basically formed and gradually consolidated and perfected. The establishment of the classical sonata form is music, a landmark in the history of a revolution, thus laid a symphony music in the form of a complete pattern, for the whole of the European music history of the development and perfection has produced far-reaching great epochal significance, also has created such as Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, verdi, Wagner and so on a large number of potential and great composer, more so to create a lot of great music works of epic proportions. After this development to the middle of the 19th century, it is the most golden period of music development, and also the peak period of music development. The development of music in this period not only has profound and unprecedented influence on music development history in Europe, but also has profound influence on human music development history.
Including the father of the symphony Haydn in piano music creation ", he wrote more than eighty first piano sonatas, whether it's early works, with exquisite style and elegance, demonstrates trace or late work in hero and dramatic impact on the later of Beethoven's piano music are extremely important. This period also saw the emergence of another classical master, Mozart, in his piano music, more used music for psychological description and character description. This is known as "child prodigy" Mozart, its short life for future generations left the quantity and quality are amazing music works, among which more than twenty piano sonatas and twenty piano concerto, and progressive spin variations, fantasia, genre, style, or scale, the techniques have greatly enriched the expressive force of the piano music, especially his piano concerto, like his opera has very obvious opera, there are both contrast and tacit understanding between piano and orchestra, like opera roles in conversation, character vivid and exquisite and full of drama. Mozart creatively applied the "alberti bass", constantly changing the patterns of broken chords, and added a lot of passing notes between chords, greatly enhancing the melody. While absorbing the elegant taste of cooper's grace notes, the form of grace notes was greatly improved, and the short grace notes on the eighth or quarter notes commonly used in rococo music were developed into the long series of passing sentences on the 16th note and the 32nd note. Mozart's greatest contribution to the piano music should be the piano concerto. His piano concerto is both dramatic and symphonic, which is an important milestone in the development of piano concerto.
In the development of the piano music, clementine deserves attention. In his works, he used a large number of two-tone third, two-tone sixth, decomposition octave, fast and bright tone passing sentence, arpeggio, etc., and used piano legato to greatly enrich the performance of the piano.#p#分页标题#e#
Beethoven is a towering giant in the history of piano music. If Bach stands at the top of polyphonic, Beethoven stands at the top of main melody music. The work of two great musicians is the highest example of a highly unified and perfect union of content and form. Therefore, the forty-eight average temperament of Bach and the thirty-two piano sonatas of Beethoven are respectively regarded as "old testament bible" and "new testament bible" in piano music by western pianists.
Beethoven's piano, music, has simply belonged to another era of the French revolution. His whole life was a time of great political turmoil in Europe, and he experienced extremely rough ups and downs. His miserable childhood, deafness, setbacks in love and family misfortune made him suffer a series of blows from fate, which became a strong impetus for his pursuit of ideals. All his life, he struggled with his fate with indomitable will and superhuman strength, his strong pursuit and love for the light world, and his contempt and struggle for the dark forces. He pursued equality, freedom, fraternity all his life, and devoted himself to his music creation. He pushed music's performance to the extreme.
Beethoven's thirty-two piano sonatas are constantly changing in style, from the heroic and pastoral style in the early days to the dramatic and tempestuous passionate style in the middle period, and then from the dramatic emotions to the meditative philosophical thinking.
Beethoven is both a symphonic master and an outstanding pianist and composer. He pushed the development of piano music to the climax -- the symphonic nature of piano music. He made the piano music play grand and magnificent momentum, and greatly expanded the use of the piano keyboard. He reproduced the symphony team's brilliant treble and thick full bass on the piano. He used a strong contrast and rich pedal effects in the performance, which greatly enhanced the dynamic, tension and color of the performance. The dynamic performance style of Beethoven influenced many outstanding pianists, which had a profound influence in the history of piano music.
Piano and piano music in 300 years of development, it is precisely because there are a lot of music ancestor painstaking and outstanding creation, have today so brilliant and brilliant.