代写美国留学生作业：American cowboy culture
The cowboy was a herdsman who lived on the vast grassland of the western continent in the American westward movement in the 19th century. He was the main force in the development of the American west and became a symbol of the American nation with his pioneering spirit of diligence, courage, optimism and adventure. Although the cowboy era was very short and only existed in American history for more than 30 years, the cowboy culture derived from it is still charming and even has a profound impact on the world. This article will make a specific analysis of the cowboy and cowboy culture, which will help us to have a deeper understanding of its charm, as well as a better understanding of American culture.
Cowboy culture involves a wide range of aspects, which have been deeply involved in modern American life in many aspects such as basic necessities of life and spiritual culture. With the increasingly close international communication, the image, spirit, dress, language of the cowboy, as well as the novels, films, music and other cultural works related to the cowboy are more and more familiar and appreciated by people in various countries.
Most people's impression of cowboys comes from American western movies and novels: wearing a wide-brimmed hat, a leather jacket and jeans, a pair of high leather boots decorated with spikes, and a large printed square around the neck. All of them are skillful in marksmanship, rich and poor. In fact, the cowboys are not as heroic as they are portrayed in the movies. A real cowboy is a farm worker on horseback who looks after cows. They spend 12 to 14 hours a day outside, often grimy, working heavy, dangerous, poorly paid and monotonous.
Cowboy spirit refers to a kind of fighting spirit peculiar to cowboys, which is the "entrepreneurial spirit" and "pioneering spirit" formed in the western development process of more than 100 years, which is extended to the American spirit. Cowboys are generally courageous, dignified and self-reliant, reflecting the American people's pioneering attitude towards life and the pursuit of happiness. They punish evil, uphold justice, and are persistent. Perhaps because of these personal virtues, cowboys have become cultural ICONS that Americans admire.#p#分页标题#e#
Lasso is an indispensable classic equipment for cowboys, a real cowboy, can skillfully use a lasso, as important as the measurement of whether he has excellent horsemanship. A noose is usually used: one end is wrapped around the head of a sturdy saddle, and the other end is a noose that is used to cover the neck or leg of a chased cow or other animal. In addition, the noose has unique functions, such as using it to pull the cart up the hill, to check logs, to trap the horns or legs of the animal and to pull it out of the mud or cave.
The western cowboy's neck is usually surrounded by large, brightly colored printed squares, made of cotton cloth or silk. The background color is relatively simple, mainly red, blue and black. It is printed with colorful small patterns. Nicknamed the "flag of the western pastoral area," the printed square is so versatile that it follows the cowboys, even to the point of death. Many a cowboy died with a large, clean printed square covering his face, which he loved best in life.
The American cowboy hat is derived from a wide brimmed hat known as a "Stetson", worn by cowboys in Mexico. The crown of the hat is sunken down and the brim of the hat on either side is slightly raised. Besides making the person that wear it appears natural and unrestrained and capable, cowboy hat still has the practical function of many aspects: in the daytime, it can keep out hot sun and wind and rain for cowboy; At night, it is a gentle pillow for peace. When hungry and thirsty, it is ready for drinking and eating.
Early American cowboys generally wore shiny leather overpants instead of jeans. Leather pullovers with spikes are a must for cowboys to work in the wild, not only to protect their legs from thorns, but also to protect them from the cold in winter and strike matches on them! Denim jacket generally tight sleeveless leather jacket, wearing a bunch of sleeveless, the main color of the shirt made of Scotland plaid flannelette, this kind of clothing not only easy to wear off, but also work to look convenient, energetic. In the west, cowboys' shirts are mostly embellished, with frills or tassels added to the front, or garish buckskin shirts.
Cowboy boots is the necessary appliance that bull-puncher goes south to run in the north, tie high bottom is thin, heel is firm, high reach middle of crus, use beautiful leather to carve or stick leather design to decorate mostly. There are spurs on the back of the boot, and some dangle ornaments that give off a pleasant crash, and jingle when a cowboy rides a horse or down the road to start, showing the prestige of "smelling the person before seeing him".
Western novels are a very important part of the cowboy culture. Its greatest achievement is to concretize the western heroes into cowboys with more western characteristics. 1890-1915 was a period of prosperity in the American west. Michael Owen? West's masterpiece, the virginians, is regarded as the starting point of the cowboy novels in American literary history. It is honored as the first true western novel, and the cowboy image has become an eternal classic ever since. The western novels show the hardships of the western frontier life and the spirit of the pioneers to struggle for survival. The national spirit forged in this unique environment is the core of American spirit.#p#分页标题#e#
Western films are a kind of film genre unique to Hollywood in the United States. With the development of the American west in the 19th century as the background, it shows the life of the cowboys and various events in the western development process. Representative films are guan shan feidu, once upon a time in the west, the wild man, dancing with the Wolf, brokeback mountain and so on.
Cowboy - themed "western music" is also an important part of cowboy culture. In the western song that has circulated so far, the Spanish Is the Loving Tongue about the cowboy's nostalgia for his native land. The Cowboy's Heaven expresses their love for The job they were doing and their pride. The Dreary Life vividly reappeared The harsh living environment at that time. The music, low and melodious, is actually a true portrayal and record of cowboy life, which eventually became an important branch of rural music in the United States.
With the rise of railroads and ranching in the 20th century, cowboys began to die out in the American west. With the spread of American culture, cowboy culture has gradually become popular with the western cowboy image in literature and movies. Cowboy unique clothing, language, ballad, entertainment, such as the interpretation of the world, as a symbol of cowboy culture. The wild history and legends of the cowboy's endeavor and development have become an important part of American culture, inspiring generations of Americans.
Cowboy culture is not only an important part of American popular culture, but also has been integrated into the world culture and become an international cultural phenomenon. It can be said that the cowboy culture is a special culture worthy of attention and research.